Terminology

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE -  approximate (sounds vary with what comes before and after)

a = ah, as in father
e = eh, as in let, but with a little bit of "ay" in it
i = ee
o = oh, as in hope (never ah as in hot, for that sound the "a" is used, see above)
u = halfway between "oo" in moon and the u in cut (similar to the "oo" in book)
ae -= halfway between the "i" in like and "ay"
y = the y in yes

NOTE: The k. p, or t at the end of a word should not be heard, they just stop the vowel sound.
 

NAMING A TECHNIQUE: Stance tool height (location) (direction) technique is the order used to name a technique or  move whether in English or Korean. The location (front/side/rear) and direction (forward/backward) is sometimes understood and not necessary to name. In the beginning it is good practice to name the moves as fully as possible. Later, the names will be shortened as normal use becomes understood, and then the fuller terms will be used for the less used and more unusual variations of the moves.
 

 Examples:

  Gunnan Sogi Ap Joomuk Chaunde Jirugi = Walking stance fore fist middle section punch
  Gunnan Sogi Bakkat Palmok Najunde Bakkarat Makki = walking stance outer forearm low section outward block
  Niun Sogi An Palmok Chaunde Yop Makki = L-stance inner forearm middle section side block

GLOSSARY

GENERAL

 

 

TRAINING

 

Attention

Charyot

 

Begin

Sijak

Belt

Ti

 

Combined Basics

Yanakibon

Bow

Kyongye

 

Forging

Dallyon

Expert Instructor

Jee Do Jah

 

Free Sparring

Charyo Daeryon

Face Flags

Kyukyo Daehayo

 

One Step Sparring

Ilbo Daeryon

Instructor

Sa Bum Nim

 

Pattern

Hyung

Program Leader

Sun Saang Nim

 

Push-ups

Momtang Bachim

School

Dojang

 

Ready 

Junbi 

Senior

Sun Bae Nim

 

Rest

Bero

Uniform

Dobok

 

Self Defense

Hoshin Sul

 

 

 

Stop

Gumman

TECHNIQUE

 

 

Three Step Sparring

Sambo Daeryon

Block

Maki

 

Turn Around

Twirodora

Circular

Dolimyo

 

 

 

Crescent Kick

Bandal Chagi

 

DIRECTIONS

 

Double

Doo

 

Backward

Muluswimyo

Flying

Dwimyo

 

Downward

Naeryo

Front Snap Kick

Apcha Busigi

 

Front

Ap Joomuk

Grab

Japgi

 

Frontward

Apuro

Guarding

Daebi

 

High

Nopunde

Hooking

Golcho

 

Inward

Anuro

Kick

Chagi

 

Left/right

Wen/Orun

Pressing

Noolo

 

Low Stance

Najunde

Punch

Jirugi

 

Middle

Kaunde

Pushing

Miro

 

Outward

Bakuro

Roundhouse Kick

Dollyo Chagi

 

Reverse

Bandae

Side Kick

Yopcha Jirugi

 

Rising

Chookyo

Strike

Taerigi

 

Side

Yop

Thrust

Tulki

 

 

 

Twin

Sang

 

STANCES

SOGI

U-Shaped

Mungdoongi

 

Bending Stance

Guburyo Sogi

Upset

Dwijibo

 

Close Stance

Moa Sogi

W-Shaped

San

 

Fixed Stance

Gojung Sogi

Wedging

Haechyo

 

L-Stance

Niun Sogi

 

 

 

Low Stance

Naucho Sogi

BODY PARTS

 

 

Parallel Stance

Narani Sogi

Backfist

Dung Joomuk

 

Ready Stance

Junbi Sogi

Ball of Foot

Apkumchi

 

Rear-Foot Stance

Dwitbal Sogi

Elbow

Palkup

 

Sitting Stance

Annun Sogi

Fingertip

Sonkut

 

Vertical Stance

Soojik Sogi

Footsword

Balkup

 

Walking Stance

Gunnan Sogi

Forearm

Palmok

 

X-Stance

Kyocha Sogi

Forefist

Ap Joomuk

 

 

 

Head

Mori

 

 

 

Inner

An

 

 

 

Knee

Moorup

 

 

 

Knifehand

Sonkal

 

 

 

Outer

Bakat

 

 

 

Palm

Sonbadak

 

 

 

Vital Spot

Kupso

 

 

 

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Last update: 06/07/2016